Milestones in the Development of Ayurveda

Milestones in the Development of Ayurveda

Source: Department of Ayurveda, Government of India

  • Divine origin of Ayurveda from Lord Brahma – Dates back to origin of human race
  • Mention of various references on Health, Diseases and Medicinal Plants in Rig-veda and Atharv-veda – 5000 BC
  • Origin of Attreya and Dhanwantari School of Ayurveda -1000 BC
  • Documentation of Charaka Samhita – 600 BC
  • Documentation of Sushruta Samhita-  500 BC
  • Advent of Muslim Rulers and start of the Decline of Ayurveda – 1100 to 1800
  • Resurrection of Ayurvedic system of Medicine under the rule of Peshwas. – 1800 AD
  • Classes in Ayurvedic medicine opened in Government Sanskrit College, Calcutta – 1827
  • Discontinuation of classes in Government Sanskrit College by British – 1833
  • Dr. Komar Commission (one-man commission) to make investigation in indigenous system of medicine – 1917
  • Indian National Congress Convention at Nagpur recommended acceptance of Ayurvedic  system of medicine as India’s National Health Care System – 1920
  • Mahatma Gandhi inaugurated Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College in Delhi – 1921
  • Mahamana Madan Mohan Malviya established Ayurveda college in B. H.U., Varanasi – 1927
  • Enforcement of Drugs and Cosmetics Act for Ayurvedic/Siddha/Unani medicines – 1940
  • Bhora Committee or Health Survey and Development Committee recognised past services of indigenous medicines but failed to recommend for its further development. – 1943
  • Chopra Committee recommended systems of old and modern systems of medicines to evolve a common system of medicine. – 1946
  • Pharmaceutical Enquiry Committee headed by Dr. Bhatia, for intensive research in indigenous drugs of Ayurveda. – 1953
  • Recommendation of Dave Committee for uniform standards of Ayurveda education – 1955
  • Establishment of Institute of Post-Graduate Training and Research in Gujarat Ayurvedic University, Jamnagar, Gujarat – 1956 to 1957
  • Udupa Committee set up. It recommended that there is a need for integrated system of medicine and a training course in Siddha and Ayurveda – 1958
  • Establishment of Post Graduate Institute of Ayurveda at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh – 1963 to 1964
  • Amendment of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 for Indian systems of medicines/drugs – 1964
  • Establishment of Central Board of Siddha and Ayurvedic Education – 1964 to 1965
  • Setting up of an apex Research Body for Indian medicine & Homoeopathy, ‘Central Council for Research in Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (CCRIMH)’ – 1969
  • Establishment of Pharmacopoeia Laboratory for Indian medicine, Ghaziabad, U.P. – 1970
  • Constitution of Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) under IMCC Act – 1970
  • Establishment of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan – 1972 to 1973
  • Publication of Part-I of Ayurvedic formulary containing 444 preparations – 1976
  • Establishment of Central Council of Research in Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS) – 1978
  • Passing of Amended Drugs and Cosmetics Act regulating import/export of Indian Systems of Medicine – 1982
  • Setting up of Indian Medicine Pharmaceutical Corporation Ltd. in Mohan, Almora Distt., Uttaranchal. – 1983
  • Silver Jubilee function of Jawaharlal Nehru Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Garden and Harbarium, Pune. Inaugurated by Shri R. Venkataraman, Vice-president of India . – 1986
  • Second World Conference on Yoga & Ayurveda held at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh – 1986
  • Foundation stone of Jawaharlal Nehru Anusandhan Bhawan, Institutional Area, Janakpuri, New Delhi by Hon’ble Vice President of India, Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma – 1988
  • Establishment of National Academy of Ayurveda (Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth) – 1989
  • Creation of separate Department of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy in Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India – 1995
  • Introduction of Extra mural Research Programme for accredited organizations with central assistance – 1996
  • Implementation of Central Scheme in 33 organizations for development of agro-techniques of important medicinal plants – 1997
  • Maiden participation of Ayurveda alongwith other systems in India International Trade Fair – 1998
  • Implementation of Central Scheme in 32 laboratories for developing pharmacopoeial standards of Medicinal Plants/ ISM Formualations – 1998
  • Establishment of specialty clinic of Ayurveda in Central Govt. Hospital (Safdarjung Hospital) New Delhi – 1998
  • Implementation of IEC( Information, Education & Communication) Scheme for NGOs for propagation and popularization of Ayurveda & other systems – 1998 to 1999
  • Participation in Mystique India ( Exhibition cum fair on Indian Traditions) – 1997 to 1999
  • Introduction of Vanaspati Van Scheme for large scale cultivation of Medicinal Plants – 1999
  • Inauguration of Ayurveda conference at Newyork, USA by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Sh. Atal Bihari Vajpayee – 2000
  • Gazette Notification for constitution of Medicinal Plant Board under the Deptt. of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy – 2000
  • Publication of 2nd volume of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia – 2000
  • Introduction 7 of Ayurvedic Medicines in RCH Programme – 2000
  • Constitution of Advisory group for research in Ayurveda – 2000
  • Policy Decision on mainstreaming of Ayurveda in RCH programme as per National Population Policy – 2000
  • Implementation of Central Scheme of assistance for strengthening of State Drug Testing Laborites and Pharmacies – 2000 to 2001
  • Publication of 3rd volume of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia – 2001
  • Publication of English edition of 2nd volume of Ayurvedic Formulary of India – 2001
  • Maiden participation of ISM tableau on Republic Day – 2001
  • Exhibition and presentation of Ayurveda during World Health Assembly, Geneva – 2001
  • Presentation on evidence based support by Deptt. of ISM&H before House of Lords, U.K. against Sir Walton Committee’s Report on status and nomenclature of Ayurveda among Complementary and Alternative systems of Medicine – 2001
  • Participation of Dept. in “Made in India” exhibition organized by CII in South Africa – 2001